Central Java

Central Java Kingdom History

Love Engine | Thursday, 18 December 2014 - 09:58:13 WIB | be read: 4257 reader

Since the VII century , there are many royal government that stands in Central Java, namely: the Buddhist kingdom of Kalinga , Jepara which ruled by the Queen Sima in the year 674 . According to the script / inscription Canggah in 732, was born in a Hindu kingdom in Medang, Central Java with the name of King Rakai Sanjaya or Mataram. Under the reign of Sanjaya Dynasty Pikatan Rakai , he built Rorojonggrang or Prambanan Temple. Buddhist Mataram kingdom in Central Java also born during the era of the Sailendra dynasty, they built temples like Borobudur , Sewu , Kalasan, etc.
In the 16th century after the collapse of the Hindu Majapahit kingdom , the kingdom of Islam appeared in Demak , since that is Islam spread in Central Java . After the collapsed of Demak kingdom , Djoko Tingkir son -in-law of King Demak ( Sultan Trenggono ) move the kingdom of Demak to Pajang ( near Solo ) . And declared himself as the King of the Kingdom of Pajang with the title of Sultan Adiwijaya . During his reign there were riots and rebellion . The greatest war was among Sultan Adiwijaya against Aryo Penangsang. Sultan Adiwijaya Danang Sutowijaya commissioned to quell the rebellion and killed Aryo Penangsang . Due to the great services to the Kingdom Pajang , Sultan Adiwijaya giving a gift of land to Sutowijaya, Mataram. After Pajang collapsed he became the first king of the Islamic Mataram in Central Java and named Panembahan Senopati.
In the mid- 16th century the Portuguese and Spanish came to Indonesia in search of spices to be traded in Europe . At the same time , the British and then the Dutch came to Indonesia as well . With their VOC, the Dutch oppress the people of Indonesia , including Central Java, both in politics and economics .
In the early 18th century Mataram Kingdom was ruled by Sri Sunan Pakubuwono II , after his death appear dispute between the royal family who want to select / appoint a new king . Dispute grew cloudy after the intervention of the Dutch colonial government in the royal family disputes . The dispute was finally resolved in 1755 with the Treaty Gianti . Mataram kingdom was divided into two smaller kingdoms which Surakarta Hadiningrat or Kraton Kasunanan in Surakarta and Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat or Kraton Kasultanan in Yogyakarta.

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