Jakarta Metropolis

Love Engine | Friday, 05 December 2014 - 20:58:52 WIB | be read: 4676 reader

Jakarta Metropolis

The City Hall of Jakarta is a classic and historical building located on Medan Merdeka Selatan. It’s a key part of the office cluster of Jakarta Capital City Government as it’s where the governor and his staff have their office. Before this, Jakarta’s seat of government had relocated several times. When Stad Batavia was established in 1905, which was afterwards renamed Gemeente Batavia, the government had its office at the Stadhuis, a classic 18th century building located at Stadhuisplein (now the Jakarta History Museum and Taman Fatahillah, respectively). As a consequence of progress, the city of Batavia grew increasingly towards the south to eventually relocate its civic center to Weltevreden (now Gambir); the office of Gemeente Batavia, however, became isolated from downtown.

Therefore, in 1913, the office of Gemeente Batavia was moved to Tanah Abang West (now Abdul Muis, Central Jakarta). Only to be again relocated to Koningsplein Zuid (now Medan Merdeka Selatan) in 1919.

During Japanese occupancy, between 1942 and 1945, Gemeente Batavia was renamed Djakarta Tokubetsu Shi, though it continued to occupy the office at Koningsplein Zuid. This was later renamed Gambir Selatan following Indonesia’s independence. Offices of the city government remained where they were even if the city was given the new title of National Government of Djakarta City; the office building  was renamed Municipal Hall of the National Government of Djakarta City. Soewirjo took office as the first mayor.

The Dutch occupied Jakarta in an aggression on 21 July 1947. The NICA Government took control over the Municipal Hall and on 21 November detained and banished Soewirjo and city officials from Jakarta. The National Government of Djakarta City was effectively decapitated. On 9 March 1948, the Dutch formed a Pre-federal government which had Jakarta as State Capital and which fell under direct control of the Federal Government. Jakarta was consequently renamed Stadgemeente Djakarta. This name remained in effect until 27 December 1949 when the Dutch Royal Government acknowledged the Republic of Indonesia’s sovereignty. As of 31 March 1950, Jakarta carried the title of Djakarta Municipality and Soewirjo was again appointed mayor. On that very year, Gambir Selatan was renamed Medan Merdeka Selatan.

In 1945, during the mayoral tenure of Sudiro’s, the first expansion of office space for the Djakarta Municipal Government was commissioned in order to allow for broader public service activities. The building at Merdeka Selatan 8, which at the time was the office of the Dutch Royal High Commissioner to Indonesia, was merged with the City Hall while the municipal government handed down a building at Medan Merdeka Barat as replacement. Mayor Sudiro used the building at Medan Merdeka Selatan 8 as a joint office shared with the Gotong Rojong City Council.

In 1960, during the tenure of Sumarno, Jakarta was granted the special position of being equivalent to that of First-level Autonomous Region. The Municipal Government of Djakarta Raja was consequently renamed Djakarta Capital City Government (DCI Djakarta for short), headed by a governor. Following the introduction of reformed spelling in 1972, spelling of the official title was altered so that the short form now read “DKI Jakarta”. Going back a little, by virtue of Law No. 120 of 1964, Jakarta was officially the capital city of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia.

In 1969, to provide proper space for city council sessions, Block C (the Municipal Hall) was built while Block F (4 storeys) was built to meet workspace needs of the council’s secretariat.

In 1972, to accommodate the ever-expanding and increasingly varied governance activities and public services, the Jakarta Capital City Government demolished building and built in its place a new 24-storey building. The building, later known as Block G Building, purposed as a “learning” and pilot project for the construction of other high-rises and to be used as reference in the drafting of regulations concerning multi-storey buildings.

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